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The steppe wolf (Canis lupus campestris) is a subspecies of grey wolf in 1804 by Russian scientist
Steppe wolves 2020
Ivan Dwigubski. It is also known as the Caspian Sea wolf and the Caucasian wolf. Most taxonomists recognize the Canis lupus campestris, Canis lupus bactrianus, Canis lupus cubanensis, and theCanis lupus desertorum as being one and the same subspecies. The steppe wolf is commonly mistaken as being Canis lupus chanco which is the Tibetan wolf or Mongolian wolf.

HABITATEdit

The historic range of the steppe wolf is in the countries surrounding the Caspian Sea and Black Sea. Today, it exists only in a remote area in the extreme south-western portion of Russia that borders the northern half of the Caspian Sea.

APPEARANCEEdit

Steppe wolves usually come in desert colors to blend into their surroundings. They are not white as are many more northerly Siberian wolves. Caspian sea wolves usually weigh up to 88 pounds, having short coats that display shades of gray with rust or brown and black hairs over their back with a poorly furred tail.

DIETEdit

They eat almost every animal they can catch. Wolves usually hunt in packs, but the steppe wolf will hunt on its own when food (especially large prey) is scarce. The steppe wolf usually feeds on herd animals, rodents, and fish. When food is scarce, it may also eat berries and other fruits.Though they usually eat almost every animal they can catch, both packs and lone steppe wolves have been known to occasionally kill more than they are capable of feeding on, especially Caspian seals. They are also liable to hunt domestic animals of nomadic families at any time day or night. They hunt when they are hungry but if they are not successful they can go without food for several weeks.

ENDANGERED?Edit

Yes.The Canis lupus campestris has been hunted as a nuisance for years. It is listed as endangered in the Mongolian Red List of Mamls (2007), and can now only be found in a far south-western part of Russia along the Caspian Sea.

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